The characterization of equilibria and their transition is fundamental in dynamic systems. Experimentally, the characterization of transitions is complex due to time scales separation, the effect of thermal fluctuations, and inherent experimental imperfections. Liquid crystal devices are derived from the manipulation of the molecular reorientation and transition between them by employing external electrical and magnetic fields. Here, we investigate and determine the Fréedericksz transition using hue measurements of the transmitted light in thin nematic liquid crystal cells. Based on birefringent retardation experienced by transmitted light due to molecular reorientation, the color adjustment of the nematic liquid crystal cells under white light illumination is characterized. By monitoring the hue of the transmitted light, the bifurcation diagram is determined. As a function of the voltage frequency, the critical transition voltage is characterized. The critical voltage increases with the applied frequency.
Colorimetry characterization of molecular reorientation transition in thin nematic cells
Note: This article is part of the Focus Issue, instabilities and Nonequilibrium Structures.
M. J. Morel, U. Bortolozzo, M. G. Clerc, A. Jullien, S. Residori; Colorimetry characterization of molecular reorientation transition in thin nematic cells. Chaos 1 July 2020; 30 (7): 073102. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5145075
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