Artificial neural networks (ANNs) are known to be a powerful tool for data analysis. They are used in social science, robotics, and neurophysiology for solving tasks of classification, forecasting, pattern recognition, etc. In neuroscience, ANNs allow the recognition of specific forms of brain activity from multichannel EEG or MEG data. This makes the ANN an efficient computational core for brain-machine systems. However, despite significant achievements of artificial intelligence in recognition and classification of well-reproducible patterns of neural activity, the use of ANNs for recognition and classification of patterns in neural networks still requires additional attention, especially in ambiguous situations. According to this, in this research, we demonstrate the efficiency of application of the ANN for classification of human MEG trials corresponding to the perception of bistable visual stimuli with different degrees of ambiguity. We show that along with classification of brain states associated with multistable image interpretations, in the case of significant ambiguity, the ANN can detect an uncertain state when the observer doubts about the image interpretation. With the obtained results, we describe the possible application of ANNs for detection of bistable brain activity associated with difficulties in the decision-making process.
Artificial neural network detects human uncertainty
Alexander E. Hramov, Nikita S. Frolov, Vladimir A. Maksimenko, Vladimir V. Makarov, Alexey A. Koronovskii, Juan Garcia-Prieto, Luis Fernando Antón-Toro, Fernando Maestú, Alexander N. Pisarchik; Artificial neural network detects human uncertainty. Chaos 1 March 2018; 28 (3): 033607. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5002892
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