In the last decade, it has been shown that a large class of phase oscillator models admit low dimensional descriptions for the macroscopic system dynamics in the limit of an infinite number N of oscillators. The question of whether the macroscopic dynamics of other similar systems also have a low dimensional description in the infinite N limit has, however, remained elusive. In this paper, we show how techniques originally designed to analyze noisy experimental chaotic time series can be used to identify effective low dimensional macroscopic descriptions from simulations with a finite number of elements. We illustrate and verify the effectiveness of our approach by applying it to the dynamics of an ensemble of globally coupled Landau-Stuart oscillators for which we demonstrate low dimensional macroscopic chaotic behavior with an effective 4-dimensional description. By using this description, we show that one can calculate dynamical invariants such as Lyapunov exponents and attractor dimensions. One could also use the reconstruction to generate short-term predictions of the macroscopic dynamics.
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Research Article| August 25 2017
Uncovering low dimensional macroscopic chaotic dynamics of large finite size complex systems
Per Sebastian Skardal;
Juan G. Restrepo;
Per Sebastian Skardal, Juan G. Restrepo, Edward Ott; Uncovering low dimensional macroscopic chaotic dynamics of large finite size complex systems. Chaos 1 August 2017; 27 (8): 083121. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4986957
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