We report the Laser Induced Forward Transfer (LIFT) of antibodies from a liquid donor film onto paper receivers for application as point-of-care diagnostic sensors. To minimise the loss of functionality of the active biomolecules during transfer, a dynamic release layer was employed to shield the biomaterial from direct exposure to the pulsed laser source. Cellulose paper was chosen as the ideal receiver because of its inherent bio-compatibility, liquid transport properties, wide availability and low cost, all of which make it an efficient and suitable platform for point-of-care diagnostic sensors. Both enzyme-tagged and untagged IgG antibodies were LIFT-printed and their functionality was confirmed via a colorimetric enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Localisation of the printed antibodies was exhibited, which can allow the creation of complex 2-d patterns such as QR codes or letters for use in a final working device. Finally, a calibration curve was determined that related the intensity of the colour obtained to the concentration of active antibodies to enable quantitative assessment of the device performance. The motivation for this work was to implement a laser-based procedure for manufacturing low-cost, point-of-care diagnostic devices on paper.
Paper-based colorimetric enzyme linked immunosorbent assay fabricated by laser induced forward transfer
Ioannis N. Katis, Judith A. Holloway, Jens Madsen, Saul N. Faust, Spiros D. Garbis, Peter J. S. Smith, David Voegeli, Dan L. Bader, Robert W. Eason, Collin L. Sones; Paper-based colorimetric enzyme linked immunosorbent assay fabricated by laser induced forward transfer. Biomicrofluidics 1 May 2014; 8 (3): 036502. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4878696
Download citation file: