Quantum computing based on solid state spins allows for densely packed arrays of quantum bits. However, the operation of large-scale quantum processors requires a shift in paradigm toward global control solutions. Here, we report a proof-of-principle demonstration of the SMART (sinusoidally modulated, always rotating, and tailored) qubit protocol. We resonantly drive a two-level system and add a tailored modulation to the dressing field to increase robustness to frequency detuning noise and microwave amplitude fluctuations. We measure a coherence time of 2 ms, corresponding to two orders of magnitude improvement compared to a bare spin, and an average Clifford gate fidelity exceeding 99%, despite the relatively long qubit gate times. We stress that the potential of this work lies in the scalability of the protocol and the relaxation of the engineering constraints for a large-scale quantum processor. This work shows that future scalable spin qubit arrays could be operated using global microwave control and local gate addressability, while increasing robustness to relevant experimental inhomogeneities.
Implementation of an advanced dressing protocol for global qubit control in silicon
I. Hansen, A. E. Seedhouse, K. W. Chan, F. E. Hudson, K. M. Itoh, A. Laucht, A. Saraiva, C. H. Yang, A. S. Dzurak; Implementation of an advanced dressing protocol for global qubit control in silicon. Appl. Phys. Rev. 1 September 2022; 9 (3): 031409. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0096467
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