Hexagonal ABO3 oxides (A, B = cation) are a class of rich materials for realizing novel quantum phenomena. Their hexagonal symmetry, oxygen trigonal bipyramid coordination, and quasi-two dimensional layering give rise to properties distinct from those of the cubic ABO3 perovskites. As bulk materials, most of the focus in this class of materials has been on the rare-earth manganites, RMnO3 (R = rare earth); these materials display coupled ferroelectricity and antiferromagnetic order. In this review, we focus on the thin-film manifestations of the hexagonal ABO3 oxides. We cover the stability of the hexagonal oxides and substrates which can be used to template the hexagonal structure. We show how the thin-film geometry not only allows for further tuning of the bulk-stable manganites but also allows for the realization of metastable hexagonal oxides such as the RFeO3 that combine ferroelectricity with weak ferromagnetic order. The thin-film geometry is a promising platform to stabilize additional metastable hexagonal oxides to search for predicted high-temperature superconductivity and topological phases in this class of materials.
Epitaxy of hexagonal ABO3 quantum materials
Note: This paper is part of the special collection on Quantum Materials and 2D superlattices
Johanna Nordlander, Margaret A. Anderson, Charles M. Brooks, Megan E. Holtz, Julia A. Mundy; Epitaxy of hexagonal ABO3 quantum materials. Appl. Phys. Rev. 1 September 2022; 9 (3): 031309. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0098277
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