A polar-fluoropolymer blend consisting of a high energy density poly(vinylidene fluoride-chlorotrifluoroethylene) (P(VDF-CTFE)) and a low dielectric loss poly(ethylene-chlorotrifluoroethylene) (ECTFE) was developed. Both the blend and crosslinked blend films exhibit a dielectric constant of 7 and low loss (∼1%), as expected from the classical composite theory. Moreover, introducing crosslinking in the blends can lead to a marked reduction of losses in blend films at high fields while maintaining a high energy density. At 250 MV/m, a loss of 3% can be achieved in the crosslinked blend compared with 7% loss in pure blend, which is already much below that of neat P(VDF-CTFE) (∼35%).

1.
W. J.
Sarjeant
,
J.
Zirnheld
, and
F. W.
MacDougall
,
IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci.
26
,
1368
(
1998
).
2.
Y.
Cao
,
P. C.
Irwin
, and
K.
Younsi
,
IEEE Trans. Dielectr. Electr. Insul.
11
,
797
(
2004
).
3.
M.
Rabuffi
and
G.
Picci
,
IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci.
30
,
1939
(
2002
).
4.
B. J.
Chu
,
X.
Zhou
,
K. L.
Ren
,
B.
Neese
,
M. R.
Lin
,
Q.
Wang
,
F.
Bauer
, and
Q. M.
Zhang
,
Science
313
,
1887
(
2006
).
5.
X.
Zhou
,
B. J.
Chu
,
B.
Neese
,
M. R.
Lin
, and
Q. M.
Zhang
,
IEEE Trans. Dielectr. Electr. Insul.
14
(
5
),
1133
(
2007
).
6.
X.
Zhou
,
X. H.
Zhao
,
Z. G.
Suo
,
C.
Zou
,
J.
Runt
,
S.
Liu
,
S. H.
Zhang
, and
Q. M.
Zhang
,
Appl. Phys. Lett.
94
,
162901
(
2009
).
7.
H.
Nalwa
,
Ferroelectric Polymers: Chemistry, Physics, and Applications
(
Marcel Dekker, Inc.
,
New York
,
1995
), p.
895
.
8.
S. H.
Zhang
,
N. Y.
Zhang
,
C.
Huang
,
K. L.
Ren
, and
Q. M.
Zhang
,
Adv. Mater.
17
,
1897
(
2005
).
9.
H. T.
Pu
,
X. Z.
Tang
, and
X. M.
Xu
,
Polym. Int.
45
,
169
(
1998
).
10.
J. K.
Sinha
,
J. Sci. Instrum.
42
,
696
(
1965
).
11.
Y.
Bai
,
Z. Y.
Cheng
,
V.
Bharti
,
H. S.
Xu
, and
Q. M.
Zhang
,
Appl. Phys. Lett.
76
(
25
),
3804
(
2000
).
12.
T.
Yamada
,
T.
Ueda
, and
T.
Kitayama
,
J. Appl. Phys.
53
(
6
),
4328
(
1982
).
13.
X.
Zhou
, Ph.D. thesis,
The Pennsylvania State University
,
2009
.
14.
Q.
Chen
,
Y.
Wang
,
X.
Zhou
,
Q. M.
Zhang
, and
S. H.
Zhang
,
Appl. Phys. Lett.
92
,
142909
(
2008
).
15.
Q. M.
Zhang
,
W. Y.
Pan
,
S. J.
Jang
, and
L. E.
Cross
,
J. Appl. Phys.
64
(
11
),
6445
(
1988
).
16.
X.
Zhou
,
B. J.
Chu
and
Q. M.
Zhang
,
IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control
53
,
1540
(
2006
).
17.
V.
Mueller
and
Q. M.
Zhang
,
Appl. Phys. Lett.
72
(
21
),
2692
(
1998
).
18.
D.
Damjanovic
and
M.
Demartin
,
J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys.
29
(
7
),
2057
(
1996
).
19.
F. X.
Guan
,
J.
Wang
,
J. L.
Pan
,
Q.
Wang
, and
L.
Zhu
,
Macromolecules
43
(
16
),
6739
(
2010
).
20.
R. G.
Kepler
and
R. A.
Anderson
,
Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst.
106
(
3–4
),
345
(
1984
).
21.
R. G.
Kepler
,
R. A.
Anderson
, and
R. R.
Lagasse
,
Phys. Rev. Lett.
48
(
18
),
1274
(
1982
).
22.
Z. M.
Li
,
Y. H.
Wang
, and
Z. Y.
Cheng
,
Appl. Phys. Lett.
88
(
6
),
062904
(
2006
).
You do not currently have access to this content.