Superconducting circuit quantum electrodynamics experiments with propagating microwaves require devices acting as beam splitters. Using niobium thin films on silicon and sapphire substrates, we fabricated superconducting 180° microstrip hybrid ring couplers, acting as beam splitters with center frequencies of about 6 GHz. For the magnitude of the coupling and isolation, we find and at least −15 dB, respectively, in a bandwidth of 2 GHz. We also investigate the effect of reflections at the superconductor-normal conductor contact by means of low temperature laser scanning microscopy. Our measurements show that our hybrid rings are well suited for on-chip applications in circuit quantum electrodynamics experiments.
A superconducting 180° hybrid ring coupler for circuit quantum electrodynamics
E. Hoffmann, F. Deppe, T. Niemczyk, T. Wirth, E. P. Menzel, G. Wild, H. Huebl, M. Mariantoni, T. Weißl, A. Lukashenko, A. P. Zhuravel, A. V. Ustinov, A. Marx, R. Gross; A superconducting 180° hybrid ring coupler for circuit quantum electrodynamics. Appl. Phys. Lett. 29 November 2010; 97 (22): 222508. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3522650
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