The creation of volume plasma density gratings in air by temporally overlapped high-intensity IR femtosecond laser pulses is demonstrated experimentally. Through the diffraction of various probe beams the plasma grating properties are recovered including its thickness and refractive index modulation, as well as its decay dynamics. The diffraction properties of these plasma photonic devices suggest that they can be used in applications involving high intensity lasers, such as filamentation, where no physical objects can be placed in the path of the laser beams.

1.
H. C.
Kapteyn
,
M. M.
Murnane
,
A.
Szoke
, and
R. W.
Falcone
,
Opt. Lett.
16
,
490
(
1991
).
2.
C.
Thaury
,
F.
Quéré
,
J. -P.
Geindre
,
A.
Levy
,
T.
Ceccotti
,
P.
Monot
,
M.
Bougeard
,
F.
Réau
,
P.
d'Oliveira
,
P.
Audebert
,
R.
Marjoribanks
, and
Ph.
Martin
,
Nat. Phys.
3
,
424
(
2007
).
3.
U.
Teubner
,
U.
Wagner
, and
E.
Forster
,
J. Phys. B
34
,
2993
(
2001
).
4.
C.
Rolland
and
P. B.
Corkum
,
J. Opt. Soc. Am. B
3
,
1625
(
1986
).
5.
L.
Plaja
and
L.
Roso
,
Phys. Rev. E
56
,
7142
(
1997
).
6.
Z. -M.
Sheng
,
J.
Zhang
, and
D.
Umstadter
,
Appl. Phys. B: Lasers Opt.
77
,
673
(
2003
).
7.
H. -C.
Wu
,
Z. -M.
Sheng
,
Q. -J.
Zhang
,
Y.
Cang
, and
J.
Zhang
,
Laser Part. Beams
23
,
417
(
2005
).
8.
H. -C.
Wu
,
Z. -M.
Sheng
, and
J.
Zhang
,
Appl. Phys. Lett.
87
,
201502
(
2005
).
9.
J. M.
Rax
and
N. J.
Fisch
,
Phys. Rev. Lett.
69
,
772
(
1992
).
10.
A.
Couairon
and
A.
Mysyrowicz
,
Phys. Rep.
441
,
47
(
2007
).
11.
H.
Kogelnik
,
Bell Syst. Tech. J.
48
,
2909
(
1969
).
12.
I. V.
Ciapurin
,
L. B.
Glebov
, and
V. I.
Smirnov
,
Opt. Eng.
45
,
015802
(
2006
).
13.
D. G.
Papazoglou
and
S.
Tzortzakis
,
Appl. Phys. Lett.
93
,
041120
(
2008
).
14.
S.
Tzortzakis
,
B.
Prade
,
M.
Franco
, and
A.
Mysyrowicz
,
Opt. Commun.
181
,
123
(
2000
).
You do not currently have access to this content.