A circuit utilizing single electrons is demonstrated at room temperature using a silicon-on-insulator metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET). Individual electrons randomly passing through the nanoscale MOSFET, which are the origin of shot noise, are monitored by an electrometer in real time. This random behavior of single electrons is used as a random number for a stochastic associative memory for image-pattern matching, in which the most preferable pattern is extracted with the largest probability. The use of electron transport in the MOSFET provides high controllability of the randomness as well as fast generation of random numbers. The present result promises single-electron applications using nanoscale MOSFETs.
Stochastic data processing circuit based on single electrons using nanoscale field-effect transistors
K. Nishiguchi, Y. Ono, A. Fujiwara, H. Inokawa, Y. Takahashi; Stochastic data processing circuit based on single electrons using nanoscale field-effect transistors. Appl. Phys. Lett. 11 February 2008; 92 (6): 062105. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2870199
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