This letter introduces a modified effective medium formulation for composites where the characteristic length of the inclusion is on the order of or smaller than the phonon mean free path. The formulation takes into account the increased interface scattering in the different phases of the nanocomposite and the thermal boundary resistance between the phases. The interface density of inclusions is introduced and is found to be a primary factor in determining the thermal conductivity. The predictions are in good agreement with results from Monte Carlo simulations and solutions to the Boltzmann equation.

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