Vertically aligned carbon nanofibers partially embedded inside polyurethane (eVACNFs) are proposed as a robust high friction fibrillar material with a compliant backing. Carbon nanofibers with in diameter and in length are vertically grown on silicon and transferred completely inside an elastomer by vacuum molding. By using time controlled and selective oxygen plasma etching, fibers are partially released up to length. Macroscale friction experiments show that eVACNFs exhibit reproducible effective friction coefficients up to 1. Besides high friction, the proposed fabrication method improves fiber-substrate bond strength, and enables uniform height nanofibers with a compliant backing.
Friction of partially embedded vertically aligned carbon nanofibers inside elastomers
Burak Aksak, Metin Sitti, Alan Cassell, Jun Li, Meyya Meyyappan, Phillip Callen; Friction of partially embedded vertically aligned carbon nanofibers inside elastomers. Appl. Phys. Lett. 6 August 2007; 91 (6): 061906. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2767997
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