Individual carbon nanotube electron field emitters with good controllability have been fabricated in a two-step process involving (a) producing micron-size carbon fibers which contain single carbon nanotubes at their cores by a chemical vapor deposition method and (b) exposing the nanotubes by fracturing the fiber with mechanical forces and mounting the fiber to a copper wire. These fiber-nanotube electron emitters show low operating voltage, generate high field enhancement, and produce fine electron beams. The field emission characteristics and durability of this structure offer promising applications for analytical instruments where high performance point electron sources are required.
Fabrication and characterization of single carbon nanotube emitters as point electron sources
Gongpu Zhao, Jian Zhang, Qi Zhang, Han Zhang, Otto Zhou, Lu-Chang Qin, Jie Tang; Fabrication and characterization of single carbon nanotube emitters as point electron sources. Appl. Phys. Lett. 6 November 2006; 89 (19): 193113. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2387961
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