The authors have determined both the real and imaginary parts of the dielectric polarizability of a single quantum dot. The experiment is based on the observation and the manipulation of Rayleigh scattering at photon frequencies near the resonance of an optical exciton transition in single self-assembled InAs and InGaAs quantum dots. The interference between the narrow-band laser field and the weak electromagnetic field coherently scattered by the quantum dot is detected with a cryogenic Fabry-Pérot setup by combined differential transmission and reflectivity measurements.

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A=1.13FWHM2 for a Gaussian focal spot. In our experiments, the full width at half maximum is FWHM=1.3μm.

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