In this letter, we report on optical channel waveguides in crystals produced by photographic masking and following direct ion implantation at . Annealing treatments of the samples are performed to improve the waveguide stability and to reduce losses. An increase of the ordinary refractive index induced by the implantation is believed to be responsible for waveguide formation. Quasi-TM guided modes are observed, while no quasi-TE ones are detected. The optical damping coefficients are of 0.43, 0.63, and for channel waveguides with widths of 4, 5, and , respectively. The result of modal analysis is in agreement with the experimental data.
Optical channel waveguides in crystal produced by ion implantation
Feng Chen, Lei Wang, Yi Jiang, Xue-Lin Wang, Ke-Ming Wang, Gang Fu, Qing-Ming Lu, Christian E. Rüter, Detlef Kip; Optical channel waveguides in crystal produced by ion implantation. Appl. Phys. Lett. 13 February 2006; 88 (7): 071123. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2177632
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