Young’s equation, which is commonly used for determining the contact angle of liquid drops on a solid surface, ignores the vertical component of the surface energy. Although this force is extremely small and its effect on the solid can be ignored, it plays a significant role for flexible surfaces such as microcantilevers. A gold-coated silicon microcantilever and a dodecanethiol coated silicon microcantilever were used to detect real-time formation of nanobubbles on their surfaces when exposed to air-rich water. As air nanobubbles form on the surfaces of the cantilever, the cantilever undergoes bending, and we relate this to the vertical component of surface energy in Young’s equation. This implies that the vertical component of the surface tension should be considered for flexible solid surfaces, and the formation of nanobubbles should be avoided when cantilevers are used as sensors to avoid artifacts.
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Research Article| March 10 2006
Influence of nanobubbles on the bending of microcantilevers
Sangmin Jeon, Ramya Desikan, Fang Tian, Thomas Thundat; Influence of nanobubbles on the bending of microcantilevers. Appl. Phys. Lett. 6 March 2006; 88 (10): 103118. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2186113
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