The open-circuit voltage Voc of polymer:fullerene bulk heterojunction solar cells is investigated as a function of light intensity for different temperatures. Devices consisted of a blend of a poly(p-phenylene vinylene) derivative as the hole conductor and 6,6-phenyl C61-butyric acid methyl ester as the electron conductor. The observed photogenerated current and Voc are at variance with classical pn junction-based models. The influence of light intensity and recombination strength on Voc is consistently explained by a model based on the notion that the quasi-Fermi levels are constant throughout the device, including both drift and diffusion of charge carriers.

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