ZnO nanocoral reefs and nanofibers are synthesized on the glass substrate dip coated with ZnO seed with nanoparticles with an average size of 5 nm under a hydrothermal reaction. The ratios of length to diameter for the former and the latter are determined to be 100 and 1000, respectively. In addition, we found that a threshold power density for UV lasing action could be remarkably reduced from 40 kW/cm2 for the nanocoral reefs to 8 kW/cm2 for the nanofibers by increasing the cavity length of ZnO nanowires.

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