Magnetite was detected in the particulate matter collected from diesel engine exhaust using a total exhaust dilution tunnel. This discovery is very important in determining the health effects of exposure to magnetite or its interaction with static magnetic fields or low-frequency electromagnetic fields. Magnetite is the best absorber of microwave radiation of any biological material in the 0.5–10 GHz frequency range through the process of electromagnetic resonance. This includes the frequencies that are normally used in the cellular telephone industry.

1.
J. L.
Kirschvink
,
Bioelectromagnetics (N.Y.)
17
,
187
(
1996
).
2.
G. M.
Brittenham
,
D. E.
Farrell
,
J. W.
Harris
,
E. S.
Feldman
,
E. H.
Danish
,
W. A.
Muri
,
J. H.
Trip
, and
E. M.
Bellon
,
N. Engl. J. Med.
307
,
1671
(
1982
).
3.
J. M.
Gomori
,
R. I.
Grossman
,
H. I.
Goldberg
,
R. A.
Zemmerman
, and
L. T.
Bilaniuk
,
Radiology
157
,
87
(
1985
).
4.
T. S. Tenforde and T. F. Budinger, in NMR in Medicine, edited by S. R. Thomas and R. L. Dixon (American Association of Physicist in Medicine, New York, 1986), pp. 493–548.
5.
R. K.
Adair
,
Phys. Rev. A
43
,
1039
(
1991
).
6.
D. A.
Savitz
,
H.
Wachtel
,
F. A.
Barnes
,
E. M.
John
, and
J. G.
Tvrdik
,
Am. J. Epidemiol.
128
,
21
(
1988
).
7.
S. J.
London
,
D. C.
Thomas
,
J. D.
Bowman
,
E.
Sobet
,
T. C.
Cheng
, and
J. M.
Peters
,
Am. J. Epidemiol.
134
,
923
(
1991
).
8.
J. L.
Kirschvink
,
Phys. Rev. A
46
,
2178
(
1992
).
9.
B.
Leleu
,
P.
Shirali
,
M.
Fontaine
,
A. C.
Boutin
,
M. H.
Hannothiaux
,
T.
Marez
,
A.
Martin
, and
J. M.
Haguenoer
,
Cell Biol. Toxicol.
12
,
373
(
1996
).
10.
I.
Hilger
,
W.
Andra
,
R.
Bahring
,
A.
Daum
,
R.
Hergt
, and
W. A.
Kaiser
,
Invest. Radiol.
32
,
705
(
1997
).
11.
P. J.
Flanders
,
J. Appl. Phys.
75
,
5931
(
1994
).
12.
W. M.
Henry
and
K. T.
Knapp
,
Environ. Sci. Technol.
14
,
450
(
1980
).
13.
S.
Chikazumi
,
AIP Conf. Proc.
29
,
382
(
1976
).
14.
G.
Chaddha
and
M.
Seehra
,
J. Appl. Phys.
16
,
1767
(
1983
).
15.
J. C. L.
Kirschvink
,
A.
K.-Kirschvink
, and
B. J.
Woodford
,
Biophysics, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci.
89
,
7683
(
1992
).
This content is only available via PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.