Nanostructured carbon films have been grown at room temperature by supersonic cluster beam deposition. Due to a structure based on nanotube embryos and a porosity with grain sizes of a few tens of nanometers, these films have a highly accessible surface area needed for electrochemical applications such as supercapacitors. Films with a density of 1 g/cm3 show, in the dc regime, a specific capacitance per electrode of 75 F/g on a single-cell device with polycarbonate as the organic electrolyte. The resulting energy and power densities of cluster-assembled carbon electrodes are 76 Wh/kg and 506 kW/kg. The possibility of depositing nanostructured films over a large area on a variety of substrates makes cluster-beam deposition very interesting for the realization of supercapacitors.
Supercapacitors based on nanostructured carbon electrodes grown by cluster-beam deposition
L. Diederich, E. Barborini, P. Piseri, A. Podestà, P. Milani, A. Schneuwly, R. Gallay; Supercapacitors based on nanostructured carbon electrodes grown by cluster-beam deposition. Appl. Phys. Lett. 25 October 1999; 75 (17): 2662–2664. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.125111
Download citation file: