Ferroelectric ceramics have been prepared by the method of reactive sintering. The ceramics exhibit good ferroelectric properties with a remanent polarization and a coercive field MV/m. High resolution x-ray photoelectron spectra of the atomic constituents of were recorded. The obtained results indicate that oxygen vacancies are preferentially sited in the vicinity of Bi ions, in the layers.
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Research Article| March 02 1998
X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy study of ferroelectric ceramics
Č Jovalekić, M. Pavlović, P. Osmokrović, Lj. Atanasoska; X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy study of ferroelectric ceramics. Appl. Phys. Lett. 2 March 1998; 72 (9): 1051–1053. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.120961
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