Pancake bouncing of water droplets on superhydrophobic surfaces has been extensively studied, because the reduction in solid–liquid contact time shows great potential for self-cleaning, anti-icing, etc. However, the behavior of a pancake-bouncing droplet in the ambient air and its subsequent interaction with the underlying surface remain unrevealed, which is actually crucial for practical applications. In this Letter, we comprehensively investigate the overall dynamics of droplets on post-array superhydrophobic surfaces by extending the range of impact velocities. An unreported phenomenon was observed, whereby the retracting droplet undergoes vertical elongation and re-contacts the underlying surface following the pancake bouncing event. As the impact velocity increases, the submillimeter-scale posts notably influence the droplet splash, where tiny droplets are ejected from the edges of lateral liquid jets through the posts. Experimental results and scale analysis show that the critical Weber number for this jet splash phenomenon decreases with the post spacing and the post edge length over a certain range. The violent jet splash occurring at higher Weber numbers reduces the mass of the remaining droplet and, consequently, diminishes the diameter prior to retraction, thereby suppressing the secondary contact with the surface. Our findings are believed to provide valuable insight for the understanding and the application of the pancake bouncing effect.
Suppressing the pancake bouncing induced secondary contact on superhydrophobic surfaces via jet splash
Lei Liu, Chunfang Guo, Rui Yang, Jiangtao Lu, Senyun Liu; Suppressing the pancake bouncing induced secondary contact on superhydrophobic surfaces via jet splash. Appl. Phys. Lett. 7 August 2023; 123 (6): 061603. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0160308
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