Perpendicularly magnetized ferrimagnets have shown potential application in nonvolatile, high-density, and ultrafast spintronic devices. Achieving this requires tuning the material performance of ultrathin ferrimagnetic films. Here, we present an experimental demonstration of tunable perpendicular magnetic anisotropy (PMA) and spin–orbit torque (SOT) switching behavior in a ferrimagnetic Heusler alloy D022-Mn3Ga based multilayers by introducing lattice-matching underlayers. It is found that the highly (001) orientated crystalline structure is well maintained, whereas coercivity, anisotropy field, and PMA constant rely heavily on the specific underlayer. Owing to the strong out-of-plane exchange coupling, the PMA constant of Co2MnSi/D022-Mn3Ga is significantly enhanced by four times and reaches 12.1 Merg/cm3. Moreover, the SOT measurements suggest that Fe/D022-Mn3Ga and Co2MnSi/D022-Mn3Ga exhibit analog and abrupt switching dynamics, respectively. This contrasting SOT switching behavior is attributed to different magnetization switching mechanisms, verified by the direct imaging of the nanoscale magnetic domain. These results provide a deep insight into the manipulation of not only fundamental magnetic properties but also SOT switching of ferrimagnetic Heusler alloys.
Manipulation of perpendicular magnetic anisotropy and spin–orbit torque switching behavior in ferrimagnetic D022-Mn3Ga based multilayers
Xupeng Zhao, Hongli Sun, Shucheng Tong, Rongkun Han, Hongrui Qin, Jianhua Zhao; Manipulation of perpendicular magnetic anisotropy and spin–orbit torque switching behavior in ferrimagnetic D022-Mn3Ga based multilayers. Appl. Phys. Lett. 24 July 2023; 123 (4): 042407. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0155559
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