Over the recent decade, topological insulators, originating from the condensed matter physics, have resided at the frontier in the field of acoustics owing to their novel topological properties for manipulating robust wave propagation, which have also opened an intriguing landscape for potential applications. At the meantime, gradually slowing down acoustic waves with metamaterials allows temporary storage of sound, leading to the exploration of so-called trapped rainbow. However, most of the current studies are reported in a topological trivial context with complex structures, and it is hitherto still a challenge to obtain the high-efficient acoustic rainbow trapping effect in a straightforward setup. Here, we propose an acoustic gradient topological insulator in the one-dimensional system to realize a highly efficient rainbow trapping device. Based on the acoustic analogous Su–Schrieffer–Heeger model, we tune the eigenfrequencies of the topological interface states through modulating the neck widths of Helmholtz resonators. The experimentally measured pressure spectra clearly show that the proposed structure could tightly trap the broad-band sound waves at the target spatial positions. Our proposal may provide versatile possibilities for the design of topological acoustic devices.
Rainbow trapping for sound waves in one-dimensional topological insulator
Chen Liu, Zhiwang Zhang, Danwei Liao, Zichong Yue, Chengrong Ma, Ying Cheng, Xiaojun Liu; Rainbow trapping for sound waves in one-dimensional topological insulator. Appl. Phys. Lett. 24 July 2023; 123 (4): 041701. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0155714
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