Mercury telluride (HgTe) nanocrystals (NCs) are very promising for THz technology as they exhibit broad THz absorption resonances and a carrier lifetime of a few picoseconds as well as being easily fabricated using solution synthesis. In this work, we show their light emission properties in the THz spectral range, up until now unexplored, and show how THz pulse generation can be used for microscopic insights into these NCs. In particular, we report on coherent THz emission from large HgTe NCs excited by linearly polarized optical pulses via second-order nonlinear effects. The peak emission frequency is tunable from 0.4 to 0.8 THz by varying incident angles of optical pulses from 0° to 45°. Our results reveal that the THz emission is induced by transient photocurrents arising from both photogalvanic and photon drag effects. By pushing the light emission of colloidal quantum dots down to the THz spectral range, our study expands the application fields of NCs, especially toward the development of easily integrable and tunable THz emitters and quantum THz devices.
Coherent THz wave emission from HgTe quantum dots
T. Apretna, N. Nilforoushan, J. Tignon, S. Dhillon, F. Carosella, R. Ferreira, E. Lhuillier, J. Mangeney; Coherent THz wave emission from HgTe quantum dots. Appl. Phys. Lett. 19 December 2022; 121 (25): 251101. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0134396
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