The thin film bulk acoustic resonator (FBAR) has emerged as a promising choice for liquid sensors because of its high frequency and sensitivity. To investigate the potential of FBAR devices working as the liquid sensors, we study the operating law of FBAR in liquid environments and explore the different loading effects of liquid on the shear mode and longitudinal mode. By analyzing the device and liquid interactions, we modify the Mason model of FBAR in the liquid environment. Subsequently, the influence of the piezoelectric film with different tilt angles and liquids on the characteristics of FBAR is discussed. We also prepared Sc0.2Al0.8N film-based FBAR to confirm the influence of different liquid environments on the resonant performances. The results show that the frequency drift of FBAR in the shear mode is related to density and viscosity of liquid, and the frequency drift of FBAR in the longitudinal mode is related to bulk modulus and density of liquid. The resonant frequency of FBAR in the shear mode is more sensitive with glycerol solution than that of FBAR in the longitudinal mode. This work can provide a research basis for the application of FBAR liquid sensors.
Investigation of film bulk acoustic resonators for sensing applications in liquid environment
Yu Zhou, Yang Zou, Chao Gao, Qinwen Xu, Xin Tong, Binghui Lin, Yan Liu, Bo Woon Soon, Yao Cai, Chengliang Sun; Investigation of film bulk acoustic resonators for sensing applications in liquid environment. Appl. Phys. Lett. 21 November 2022; 121 (21): 213501. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0124829
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