We demonstrate that optically active emitters can be locally generated by focusing a He-ion beam onto monolayer WS2 encapsulated in hBN. The emitters show a low-temperature photoluminescence spectrum, which is well described by an independent Boson model for localized emitters. Consistently, the photoluminescence intensity of the emitters saturates at low excitation intensities, which is distinct to the photoluminescence of excitonic transitions in the investigated WS2 monolayers. The demonstrated method allows us to position defect emitters in WS2 monolayers on demand. A statistical analysis suggests the generation yield of individual emitters to be as high as 11% at the highest investigated He-ion doses.
On-demand generation of optically active defects in monolayer WS2 by a focused helium ion beam
A. Micevic, N. Pettinger, A. Hötger, L. Sigl, M. Florian, T. Taniguchi, K. Watanabe, K. Müller, J. J. Finley, C. Kastl, A. W. Holleitner; On-demand generation of optically active defects in monolayer WS2 by a focused helium ion beam. Appl. Phys. Lett. 31 October 2022; 121 (18): 183101. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0118697
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