Vibration energy harvesters that use resonance phenomena exhibit a high output power density for constant frequency vibrations, but they suffer from a significant drop in performance for non-steady-state vibrations, which are important for practical applications. In this work, we demonstrate that the output power under an impulsive force can be increased significantly by placing a U-shaped metal component, called a dynamic magnifier (DM), under an MEMS piezoelectric vibration energy harvester (MEMS-pVEH) with a 6 mm long cantilever using a 3 μm thick Pb(Zr,Ti)O3 film. Based on the results of numerical calculations using a model of pVEH with a two-degree-of-freedom (2DOF) system, the DM was designed to have the same resonant frequency as the MEMS-pVEH and a high mechanical quality factor (). The waveforms of the output voltage of the fabricated 2DOF-pVEHs were measured for impulsive forces with various duration times, and the output power was calculated by integrating the waveforms over time. The output power of the MEMS-pVEH placed on the DM with a of 56 showed a gradual change according to the duration of applying an impulsive force and a maximum of 19 nJ/G2 (G: gravitational acceleration) when the duration of the impulsive force was 3.8 ms. This result was about 90 times greater than the output power of the MEMS-pVEH without a DM. While it is not easy to fabricate pVEHs with a complex 2DOF structure using only the MEMS process, we have demonstrated that the output power can be significantly improved by adding a spring structure to a simple MEMS-pVEH.
Enhanced performance on piezoelectric MEMS vibration energy harvester by dynamic magnifier under impulsive force
Note: This paper is part of the APL Special Collection on Piezoelectric Thin Films for MEMS.
Sengsavang Aphayvong, Shuichi Murakami, Kensuke Kanda, Norifumi Fujimura, Takeshi Yoshimura; Enhanced performance on piezoelectric MEMS vibration energy harvester by dynamic magnifier under impulsive force. Appl. Phys. Lett. 24 October 2022; 121 (17): 172902. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0116838
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