The work function (WF) of a material governs the back and forth movement of the charge carriers across the hetero-interface of two materials. Therefore, for optimum device performance, precise knowledge of the WF is prerequisite while employing any new material in electronic devices. In this work, using metal oxide semiconductor capacitors, we experimentally determine the WF of layered van der Waals topological semimetals (TSMs) 1T′-MoTe2, 1T-PtSe2, and Td-WTe2 as 4.87, 5.05, and 4.82 eV, respectively. The experimentally obtained results are corroborated with density functional theory calculations. Furthermore, by analyzing the vertical current transport across the metal oxide semiconductor stack using Fowler–Nordheim tunneling formalism, the barrier height between the TSMs and the gate insulator (SiO2) is experimentally calculated. The obtained barrier heights are also following the same trend as that of WF for three TSMs. These TSMs host unique topological nontrivial phases potentially useful for the development of emerging quantum technologies, and therefore, the findings of this study are significant for designing the future quantum devices.
Work function of van der Waals topological semimetals: Experiment and theory
Bubunu Biswal, Shashi B. Mishra, Renu Yadav, Saroj Poudyal, Ramesh Rajarapu, Prahalad Kanti Barman, Khade Ramdas Pandurang, Manasi Mandal, Ravi Prakash Singh, B. R. K. Nanda, Abhishek Misra; Work function of van der Waals topological semimetals: Experiment and theory. Appl. Phys. Lett. 28 February 2022; 120 (9): 093101. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0079032
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