The recently discovered intrinsic magnetic topological insulator MnBi2Te4 has attracted keen interest for exotic quantum states such as a quantum anomalous Hall insulator and an axion insulator. Such quantum states of MnBi2Te4 have been intensively studied mainly in atomically thin exfoliated samples, yet thin film samples with critically tuned Fermi level would be indispensable for further pursuit of topological functionality in MnBi2Te4 and related heterointerfaces. Here, we report on fabrication of an Sb-doped MnBi2Te4 thin film by molecular beam epitaxy and their transport properties. The Sb-substitution induces the change in the carrier type and the subsequent increase in resistivity, demonstrating the tuning of the Fermi level (EF) across the bulk bandgap and the phase change to the topologically nontrivial phase. The EF is further finely controlled in a field-effect transistor device. We observe the enhancement of the anomalous Hall conductivity at the charge neutral point, confirming the opening of the magnetic exchange gap in surface Dirac states. The precise control of the band structure and the Fermi level in the thin-film form will lead to exploring exotic phenomena based on intrinsic magnetic topological insulators.
Enhancement of anomalous Hall effect in epitaxial thin films of intrinsic magnetic topological insulator MnBi2Te4 with Fermi-level tuning
Ryota Watanabe, Ryutaro Yoshimi, Minoru Kawamura, Yoshio Kaneko, Kei S. Takahashi, Atsushi Tsukazaki, Masashi Kawasaki, Yoshinori Tokura; Enhancement of anomalous Hall effect in epitaxial thin films of intrinsic magnetic topological insulator MnBi2Te4 with Fermi-level tuning. Appl. Phys. Lett. 17 January 2022; 120 (3): 031901. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0067893
Download citation file: