Quasi-one-dimensional (quasi-1D) materials are a newly arising topic in low-dimensional research. As a result of reduced dimensionality and enhanced anisotropy, the quasi-1D structure gives rise to novel properties and promising applications such as photodetectors. However, it remains an open question whether performance crossover will occur when the channel material is downsized. Here, we report on the fabrication and testing of photodetectors based on exfoliated quasi-1D BiSeI thin wires. Compared with the device on bulk crystal, a significantly enhanced photoresponse is observed, which is manifested by a series of performance parameters, including ultrahigh responsivity (7 104 A W−1), specific detectivity (2.5 1014 Jones), and external quantum efficiency (1.8 107%) when Vds = 3 V, = 515 nm, and P = 0.01 mW cm−2. The conventional photoconductive effect is unlikely to account for such a superior photoresponse, which is ultimately understood in terms of the increased specific surface area and the photogating effect caused by trapping states. This work provides a perspective for the modulation of optoelectronic properties and performance in quasi-1D materials.
Enhanced optoelectronic performance and photogating effect in quasi-one-dimensional BiSeI wires
H. J. Hu, W. L. Zhen, S. R. Weng, Y. D. Li, R. Niu, Z. L. Yue, F. Xu, L. Pi, C. J. Zhang, W. K. Zhu; Enhanced optoelectronic performance and photogating effect in quasi-one-dimensional BiSeI wires. Appl. Phys. Lett. 16 May 2022; 120 (20): 201101. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0080334
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