Cost-effective and highly efficient near-infrared photodetectors are urgently demanded in many electronic and optoelectronic products for applications in both military and civil areas. Herein, by using a simple solution-based drop-casting technique, we fabricate a Ti3C2Tx MXene/Ge two-dimensional/three-dimensional van der Waals heterostructure, which can function well as a highly efficient near-infrared photodetector. When shined by 1550 nm light illumination, the heterostructure exhibits an apparent photovoltaic effect and can, thus, work as a self-driven near-infrared photodetector. A representative photodetector achieves a photocurrent responsivity of ∼314.3 mA W−1 at zero bias voltage, which can be improved to as high as ∼642.6 mA W−1 by applying a small reverse bias voltage of −1 V. In addition, other critical performance parameters such as current on/off ratio, specific detectivity, and response speed are estimated to be ∼430, ∼2.01 × 1011 Jones, and 17.6/13.6 μs, respectively. The excellent device performance is comparable to that of many previously reported two-dimensional material/Ge heterostructure-based near-infrared photodetectors, which cannot be constructed using facile solution-based processes. This work provides a facile avenue for developing high-performance and low-cost near-infrared photodetectors, which will find important applications in future optoelectronic systems.
Ti3C2Tx MXene/Ge 2D/3D van der Waals heterostructures as highly efficient and fast response near-infrared photodetectors
Chao Xie, Yi Wang, Siliang Wang, Wenhua Yang, Wei Zeng, Zhixiang Huang, Feng Yan; Ti3C2Tx MXene/Ge 2D/3D van der Waals heterostructures as highly efficient and fast response near-infrared photodetectors. Appl. Phys. Lett. 4 April 2022; 120 (14): 141103. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0085690
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