We have developed a simple and practical optical frequency comb (OFC) stabilization method for comb linewidth reduction in this Letter. Two comb modes of an Er-fiber optical frequency comb (OFC) have been phase-locked to a kilometer-long fiber delay line, while narrow linewidth lasers are not required as optical references. The fractional frequency stability of the 1542-nm comb mode in the Er-fiber OFC reaches 9.13 × 10−13 at 12.8 ms average time, and its short-term linewidth is 580 Hz, which is compressed by a factor of ∼170 compared to the free-running condition. The whole stabilization scheme gets rid of nonlinear progress, which can be an alternative approach for OFC stabilization, especially in ultra-high repetition-rate combs, e.g., electro-optic combs, quantum cascade laser combs, and micro-combs with low pulse energy.
Optical frequency comb stabilized to a fiber delay line
Haochen Tian, Fei Meng, Kai Wang, Baike Lin, Shiying Cao, Zhanjun Fang, Youjian Song, Minglie Hu; Optical frequency comb stabilized to a fiber delay line. Appl. Phys. Lett. 20 September 2021; 119 (12): 121106. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0062785
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