Young's modulus of Fe-catalyzed silicon carbide (SiC) nanowires was measured in the temperature range of 300–575 K by the use of a laser Doppler vibrometer. The nanowires have a face-centered cubic structure grown along the  direction and exhibit different cross-sectional geometries, including circle, rectangle, hexagon, ellipse, trapezoid, and triangle. When the effective diameters of the nanowires decrease from 200 to 55 nm, their room-temperature Young's modulus decreases from ∼550 GPa (the bulk value) to ∼460 GPa, i.e., a reduction of ∼16%, and their temperature coefficient of Young's modulus varies from ppm/K (the bulk value) to ppm/K, i.e., a change of ∼65%. The size and temperature dependency of the modulus would greatly benefit the design and fabrication of high-temperature mechanical sensors based on SiC nanostructures.
Size- and temperature-dependent Young's modulus of SiC nanowires determined by a laser-Doppler vibration measurement
Tursunay Yibibulla, Yijun Jiang, Shiliang Wang, Han Huang; Size- and temperature-dependent Young's modulus of SiC nanowires determined by a laser-Doppler vibration measurement. Appl. Phys. Lett. 25 January 2021; 118 (4): 043103. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0040552
Download citation file: