We have studied the time dependence of the relaxation of the non-equilibrium charge density wave (CDW) toward an equilibrium ground state in TbTe3 when the sample is cooled through the Peierls transition temperature under an electric field down to a given temperature, Texp. We show that when cooled at zero electric field or a value less than the threshold one, Et, for depinning the CDW at Texp, the CDW equilibrium ground state has a single phase in the sample volume. When cooled with an electric field higher than Et, the CDW ground state is in a frozen glass state, which can be destabilized only by reducing the electric field below Et. We tentatively interpret these results by the interaction of the CDW with a well ordered Te–Te discommensuration network.
Non-equilibrium charge density wave ground state of quasi-two-dimensional rare-earth tritelluride TbTe3
Note: This paper is part of the APL Special Collection on Charge-Density-Wave Quantum Materials and Devices.
A. V. Frolov, A. P. Orlov, D. M. Voropaev, A. Hadj-Azzem, A. A. Sinchenko, P. Monceau; Non-equilibrium charge density wave ground state of quasi-two-dimensional rare-earth tritelluride TbTe3. Appl. Phys. Lett. 21 June 2021; 118 (25): 253102. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0051588
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