In MoS2 field-effect transistors, the current or voltage fluctuations related to either mobility- or number-dependent relationships are characterized by low-frequency noise. This noise can typically be used to evaluate the application limits of MoS2-based electronic devices. In this work, the low-frequency noise characteristics of single-crystal bilayer MoS2 grown by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) are systematically investigated and found to offer significant performance improvements compared with those based on the monolayer MoS2 channel. At f = 100 Hz, the normalized drain current power spectral density (SI/Id2) is 2.4 × 10−10 Hz−1 and 3.1 × 10−9 Hz−1 for bilayer and monolayer MoS2 transistors, respectively. The 1/f noise behavior can be accurately described by McWhorter's carrier number fluctuation model for both transistor types, suggesting that carrier trapping and de-trapping by dielectric defects is the dominant mechanism of 1/f noise in CVD MoS2 transistors. Furthermore, a minimal WLSI/Id2 of 3.1 × 10−10 μm2/Hz (where W is the gate width and L is the gate length) is achieved at Vbg = 3 V by effectively reducing the contact resistance of bilayer MoS2 transistors using a back-gate voltage. These results demonstrate that CVD bilayer MoS2 is a promising candidate for future large-scale 2D-semiconductor-based electronic applications with improved noise performance.
Improved low-frequency noise in CVD bilayer MoS2 field-effect transistors
Qingguo Gao, Chongfu Zhang, Zichuan Yi, Xinjian Pan, Feng Chi, Liming Liu, Xuefei Li, Yanqing Wu; Improved low-frequency noise in CVD bilayer MoS2 field-effect transistors. Appl. Phys. Lett. 12 April 2021; 118 (15): 153103. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0046671
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