Programmable metasurfaces can endow complex scattering environments with reconfigurability. Here, we make use of these configurational degrees of freedom to retrieve the impulse response between two passive antennas via cross-correlation techniques. An ensemble of stirred chaotic wave fields in a reverberation chamber (RC) can play the role of thermal noise in passive Green's function retrieval. Instead of using a conventional mechanical mode stirrer, we generate the ensemble of RC configurations with random configurations of a programmable metasurface. We adapt the data processing of the diffuse field cross-correlation technique to this stirring mechanism, which is, given the size of the RC, nominally inefficient, and we investigate the convergence of the cross-correlated signals toward the impulse response. Finally, we apply our scheme to phaseless imaging in complex propagation environments, with potential applications in indoor context-awareness.

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