This work applied an anisotropic magneto-resistance effect for studying the spin–orbit torque (SOT)-driven magnetization switching in an antiferromagnetic heavy alloy/ferromagnet, PtMn/Co bilayer, under y-type SOT geometry. The tailorable magneto-structural ordering of PtMn provides an additional dimension to study the interplay among SOT efficiency, the interfacial spin configuration, and the y-type SOT switching. The results reveal that the SOT efficiency of PtMn, effective field generated by current, can be enhanced via forming the L10 (antiferromagnetic) phase after annealing; however, the efficiency appears to be less sensitive to the interfacial spin configuration. On the other hand, the critical current for the y-type SOT switching is even strongly associated with the PtMn/Co interfacial spin configuration. The lowest (highest) critical current is yielded when Co is antiferromagnetically (ferromagnetically) coupled to PtMn through the exchange bias. Engineering the interfacial spin configuration may provide an effective strategy to promote the critical current for the SOT device.

1.
C. Y.
Yang
,
L.
Pan
,
A. J.
Grutter
,
H.
Wang
,
X.
Che
,
Q. L.
He
,
Y.
Wu
,
D. A.
Gilbert
,
P.
Shafer
,
E.
Arenholz
,
H.
Wu
,
G.
Yin
,
P.
Deng
,
J. A.
Borchers
,
W.
Ratcliff
II
, and
K. L.
Wang
,
Sci. Adv.
6
,
eaaz8463
(
2020
).
2.
Q. L.
He
,
X.
Kou
,
A. J.
Grutter
,
G.
Yin
,
L.
Pan
,
X.
Che
,
Y.
Liu
,
T.
Nie
,
B.
Zhang
,
S. M.
Disseler
,
B. J.
Kirby
,
W.
Ratcli
II
,
Q.
Shao
,
K.
Murata
,
X.
Zhu
,
G.
Yu
,
Y.
Fan
,
M.
Montazeri
,
X.
Han
,
J. A.
Borchers
, and
K. L.
Wang
,
Nat. Mater.
16
,
94
(
2017
).
3.
W.
Yuan
,
Q.
Zhu
,
T.
Su
,
Y.
Yao
,
W.
Xing
,
Y.
Chen
,
Y.
Ma
,
X.
Lin
,
J.
Shi
,
R.
Shindou
,
X. C.
Xie
, and
A. W.
Han
,
Sci. Adv.
4
,
eaat1098
(
2018
).
4.
D.
Hou
,
Z.
Qiu
, and
A. E.
Saitoh
,
NPG Asia Mater.
11
,
35
(
2019
).
5.
J.
Li
,
C. B.
Wilson
,
R.
Cheng
,
M.
Lohmann
,
M.
Kavand
,
W.
Yuan
,
M.
Aldosary
,
N.
Agladze
,
P.
Wei
,
M. S.
Sherwin
, and
J.
Shi
,
Nature
578
,
70
(
2020
).
6.
S.
Fukami
,
C.
Zhang
,
S.
DuttaGupta
,
A.
Kurenkov
, and
A. H.
Ohno
,
Nat. Mater.
15
,
535
(
2016
).
7.
W.
Zhang
,
W.
Han
,
S.-H.
Yang
,
Y.
Sun
,
Y.
Zhang
,
B.
Yan
, and
A. S. S. P.
Parkin
,
Sci. Adv.
2
,
e1600759
(
2016
).
8.
A.
Kurenkov
,
C.
Zhang
,
S.
DuttaGupta
,
S.
Fukami
, and
A. H.
Ohno
,
Appl. Phys. Lett.
110
,
092410
(
2017
).
9.
K. V. D.
Zoysa
,
S. D.
Gupta
,
R.
Itoh
,
Y.
Takeuchi
,
H.
Ohno
, and
A. S.
Fukami
,
Appl. Phys. Lett.
117
,
012402
(
2020
).
10.
M.
Saito
and
A. F.
Koike
,
AIP Adv.
9
,
035306
(
2019
).
11.
T. Y.
Peng
,
Y. D.
Yao
,
S. Y.
Chen
,
Y. H.
Wang
,
W. C.
Chen
,
M. J.
Gao
, and
A. D. D.
Tang
,
Phys. Status Solidi C
1
,
3628
(
2004
).
12.
S.
Shi
,
A.
Wang
,
Y.
Wang
,
R.
Ramaswamy
,
L.
Shen
,
J.
Moon
,
D.
Zhu
,
J.
Yu
,
S.
Oh
,
Y.
Feng
, and
A. H.
Yang
,
Phys. Rev. B
97
,
041115(R)
(
2018
).
13.
S.
Fukami
,
T.
Anekawa
,
C.
Zhang
, and
A. H.
Ohno
,
Nat. Nanotechnol.
11
,
621
(
2016
).
14.
H. J.
Kim
,
S. G.
Je
,
D. H.
Jung
,
K. S.
Lee
, and
A. J. I.
Hong
,
Appl. Phys. Lett.
115
,
022401
(
2019
).
15.
Y. T.
Liu
,
T. Y.
Chen
,
T. H.
Lo
,
T. Y.
Tsai
,
S. Y.
Yang
,
Y. J.
Chang
,
J. H.
Wei
, and
A. C. F.
Pai
,
Phys. Rev. Appl.
13
,
044032
(
2020
).
16.
H.
An
,
Y.
Kageyama
,
Y.
Kanno
,
N.
Enishi
, and
A. K.
Ando
,
Nat. Commun.
7
,
13069
(
2016
).
17.
X.
Qiu
,
Z.
Shi
,
W.
Fan
,
S.
Zhou
, and
A. H.
Yang
,
Adv. Mater.
30
,
1705699
(
2018
).
18.
P. H.
Lin
,
B. Y.
Yang
,
M. H.
Tsai
,
P. C.
Chen
,
K. F.
Huang
,
H. H.
Lin
, and
A. C. H.
Lai
,
Nat. Mater.
18
,
335
(
2019
).
You do not currently have access to this content.