We report a first-principles study of the structural and electronic properties of two-dimensional (2D) layer/hydrogen-terminated diamond (100) heterostructures. Both the 2D layers exhibit weak van-der-Waals (vdW) interactions and develop rippled configurations with the H-diamond (100) substrate to compensate for the induced strain. The adhesion energy of the hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) layer is slightly higher, and it exhibits a higher degree of rippling compared to the graphene layer. A charge transfer analysis reveals a small amount of charge transfer from the H-diamond (100) surface to the 2D layers, and most of the transferred charge was found to be confined within the vdW gap. In the graphene/H-diamond (100) heterostructure, the semi-metallic characteristic of the graphene layer is preserved. On the other hand, the hBN/H-diamond (100) heterostructure shows semiconducting characteristics with an indirect bandgap of 3.55 eV, where the hBN layer forms a Type-II band alignment with the H-diamond (100) surface. The resultant conduction band offset and valence band offset are 0.10 eV and 1.38 eV, respectively. A thin layer of hBN offers a defect-free interface with the H-diamond (100) surface and provides a layer-dependent tunability of electronic properties and band alignment for surface-doped diamond field effect transistors.
Structural and electronic properties of 2D (graphene, hBN)/H-terminated diamond (100) heterostructures
Pegah S. Mirabedini, Bishwajit Debnath, Mahesh R. Neupane, P. Alex Greaney, A. Glen Birdwell, Dmitry Ruzmetov, Kevin G. Crawford, Pankaj Shah, James Weil, Tony. G. Ivanov; Structural and electronic properties of 2D (graphene, hBN)/H-terminated diamond (100) heterostructures. Appl. Phys. Lett. 21 September 2020; 117 (12): 121901. https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0020620
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