Domain structures in polar materials provide an additional degree of freedom to tune ferroelectric photovoltaic (PV) effects. One of the approaches to control domain structures is to form a solid solution with analogs in different symmetries. In this study, we investigate the influence of domain structures on the PV properties of ferroelectric thin films in the xBaTiO3–(1−x)BiFeO3 (BT–BFO) solid-solution system (x =0.1 and 0.2). We found that a substitution of BT for BFO substantially decreases the domain size down to several tens of nanometers, leading to an enhanced PV response owing to a marked contribution of the domain-wall PV effect.

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