Spin relaxation properties of π-conjugated organic semiconductors are key indicators of the performance of organic spintronic devices. However, reliable determination of spin relaxation parameters in organic materials is hindered by complex interfacial phenomena at organic/ferromagnetic metal interfaces that couple spin injection with charge injection. Here, we study the spin pumping induced pure spin transport in Permalloy/rubrene/Pt trilayers and determine the spin diffusion length λs = 132 ± 9 nm and the spin relaxation time τs = 3.8 ± 0.5 ms in rubrene films at room temperature by using the inverse spin Hall effect. The determined spin diffusion length λs is found to be almost two times larger than that of ∼46.3 nm at 100 K extracted from rubrene spin valve devices in which charge carrier injection/detection occurs at organic/ferromagnetic metal interfaces. Our results demonstrate experimentally that the efficiency and the rate of spin polarized charge transport through the organic/ferromagnetic metal interface play a dominant role in determining the spin relaxation process of spin valve devices in which charge and spin currents are coupled.
Quantitative study of spin relaxation in rubrene thin films by inverse spin Hall effect
Zhihao Li, Tian Li, Dong-Chen Qi, Wei Tong, Liqiang Xu, Jin Zhu, Zhitao Zhang, Hai Xu, Wenhua Zhang, Yuxian Guo, Feng Chen, Yuyan Han, Liang Cao, Fapei Zhang, Yimin Xiong; Quantitative study of spin relaxation in rubrene thin films by inverse spin Hall effect. Appl. Phys. Lett. 29 July 2019; 115 (5): 053301. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5108561
Download citation file: