We report on an electrical detection method of ultrasensitive carbon nanotube mechanical resonators. The noise floor of the detection method is reduced using a RLC resonator and an amplifier based on a high electron mobility transistor cooled at 4.2 K. This allows us to resolve the resonance frequency of nanotube resonators with an unprecedented quality. We show that the noise of the resonance frequency measured at 4.2 K is limited by the resonator itself, and not by the imprecision of the measurement. The Allan deviation reaches ∼10−5 at 125 ms integration time. When comparing the integration time dependence of the Allan deviation to a power law, the exponent approaches ∼1/4. The Allan deviation might be limited by the diffusion of particles over the surface of the nanotube. Our work holds promise for mass spectrometry and surface science experiments based on mechanical nano-resonators.
Improving the read-out of the resonance frequency of nanotube mechanical resonators
Jil Schwender, Ioannis Tsioutsios, Alexandros Tavernarakis, Quan Dong, Yong Jin, Urs Staufer, Adrian Bachtold; Improving the read-out of the resonance frequency of nanotube mechanical resonators. Appl. Phys. Lett. 6 August 2018; 113 (6): 063104. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5045309
Download citation file: