The geometry of magnetic flux penetration in a high temperature superconductor at a buried interface was imaged using element-specific x-ray excited luminescence. We performed low temperature observation of the flux penetration in YBa2Cu3O7–δ (YBCO) at a buried interface by imaging of the perpendicular magnetization component in square Permalloy (Py) mesostructures patterned superjacent to a YBCO film. Element specific imaging below the critical temperature of YBCO reveals a cross-like geometry of the perpendicular magnetization component which is decorated by regions of alternating out-of-plane magnetization at the edges of the patterned Py structures. The cross structure can be attributed to the geometry of flux penetration originating from the superconductor and is reproduced using micromagnetic simulations. Our experimental method opens up possibilities for the investigation of flux penetration in superconductors at the nanoscale.

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