When suspensions containing colloidal particles of two different sizes are coated on substrates to form films by evaporating the host fluids, the smaller particles can segregate to the top surface of the films. We investigate the effects of the evaporation rate on the segregation by use of Langevin dynamics simulations. The evaporation rate is scaled by the Brownian diffusion rate of the particles, yielding a dimensionless number which we define as the particle drying Péclet number. We show that there is a Péclet number at which the segregation is the most enhanced. Our result indicates the need for the regulation of the evaporation rate to control the segregation.
Effects of the evaporation rate on the segregation in drying bimodal colloidal suspensions
Rei Tatsumi, Takuya Iwao, Osamu Koike, Yukio Yamaguchi, Yoshiko Tsuji; Effects of the evaporation rate on the segregation in drying bimodal colloidal suspensions. Appl. Phys. Lett. 29 January 2018; 112 (5): 053702. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5013194
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