We investigate the inter-mode nonlinear interaction in the multi-mode optomechanical nano-oscillator which consists of coupled silicon nanocantilevers, where the integrated photonic crystal nanocavities provide the coupling between the optical and mechanical modes. Due to the self-saturation and cross-saturation of the mechanical gain, the inter-mode competition is observed, which leads to the bistable operation of the optomechanical nano-oscillator: only one of the mechanical modes can oscillate at any one time, and the oscillation of one mode extremely suppresses that of the other with a side mode suppression ratio (SMSR) up to 40 dB. In the meantime, mode hopping, i.e., the optomechanical oscillation switches from one mode to the other, is also observed and found to be able to be provoked by excitation laser fluctuations.

1.
M.
Aspelmeyer
,
T. J.
Kippenberg
, and
F.
Marquardt
,
Rev. Mod. Phys.
86
(
4
),
1391
(
2014
).
2.
T. J.
Kippenberg
and
K. J.
Vahala
,
Opt. Express
15
(
25
),
17172
(
2007
).
3.
A.
Schliesser
,
P.
Del'Haye
,
N.
Nooshi
,
K. J.
Vahala
, and
T. J.
Kippenberg
,
Phys. Rev. Lett.
97
(
24
),
243905
(
2006
).
4.
T.
Carmon
,
H.
Rokhsari
,
L.
Yang
,
T. J.
Kippenberg
, and
K. J.
Vahala
,
Phys. Rev. Lett.
94
(
22
),
223902
(
2005
).
5.
H.
Zhu
,
F.
Yi
, and
E.
Cubukcu
,
Nat. Photonics
10
(
11
),
709
(
2016
).
6.
M.
Eichenfield
,
R.
Camacho
,
J.
Chan
,
K. J.
Vahala
, and
O.
Painter
,
Nature
459
(
7246
),
550
(
2009
).
7.
K.
Srinivasan
,
H.
Miao
,
M. T.
Rakher
,
M.
Davanco
, and
V.
Aksyuk
,
Nano Lett.
11
(
2
),
791
(
2011
).
8.
D.
Woolf
,
P. C.
Hui
,
E.
Iwase
,
M.
Khan
,
A. W.
Rodriguez
,
P.
Deotare
,
I.
Bulu
,
S. G.
Johnson
,
F.
Capasso
, and
M.
Loncar
,
Opt. Express
21
(
6
),
7258
(
2013
).
9.
T. J.
Kippenberg
,
H.
Rokhsari
,
T.
Carmon
,
A.
Scherer
, and
K. J.
Vahala
,
Phys. Rev. Lett.
95
(
3
),
033901
(
2005
).
10.
M.
Hossein-Zadeh
and
K. J.
Vahala
,
Opt. Lett.
32
(
12
),
1611
(
2007
).
11.
H.
Rokhsari
,
T.
Kippenberg
,
T.
Carmon
, and
K. J.
Vahala
,
Opt. Express
13
(
14
),
5293
(
2005
).
12.
T.
Carmon
,
M. C.
Cross
, and
K. J.
Vahala
,
Phys. Rev. Lett.
98
(
16
),
167203
(
2007
).
13.
M.
Li
,
H. X.
Tang
, and
M. L.
Roukes
,
Nat. Nanotechnol.
2
(
2
),
114
(
2007
).
14.
E.
Gavartin
,
P.
Verlot
, and
T. J.
Kippenberg
,
Nat. Nanotechnol.
7
(
8
),
509
(
2012
).
15.
A. G.
Krause
,
M.
Winger
,
T. D.
Blasius
,
Q.
Lin
, and
O.
Painter
,
Nat. Photonics
6
(
11
),
768
(
2012
).
16.
W.
Yu
,
W. C.
Jiang
,
Q.
Lin
, and
T.
Lu
,
Nat. Commun.
7
,
12311
(
2016
).
17.
T. P.
Burg
,
M.
Godin
,
S. M.
Knudsen
,
W.
Shen
,
G.
Carlson
,
J. S.
Foster
,
K.
Babcock
, and
S. R.
Manalis
,
Nature
446
(
7139
),
1066
(
2007
).
18.
F.
Marquardt
,
J. G.
Harris
, and
S. M.
Girvin
,
Phys. Rev. Lett.
96
(
10
),
103901
(
2006
).
19.
C.
Metzger
,
M.
Ludwig
,
C.
Neuenhahn
,
A.
Ortlieb
,
I.
Favero
,
K.
Karrai
, and
F.
Marquardt
,
Phys. Rev. Lett.
101
(
13
),
133903
(
2008
).
20.
A. G.
Krause
,
J. T.
Hill
,
M.
Ludwig
,
A. H.
Safavi-Naeini
,
J.
Chan
,
F.
Marquardt
, and
O.
Painter
,
Phys. Rev. Lett.
115
(
23
),
233601
(
2015
).
21.
Y. C.
Liu
,
Y. F.
Xiao
,
Y. L.
Chen
,
X. C.
Yu
, and
Q.
Gong
,
Phys. Rev. Lett.
111
(
8
),
083601
(
2013
).
22.
L.
Fan
,
K. Y.
Fong
,
M.
Poot
, and
H. X.
Tang
,
Nat. Commun.
6
,
5850
(
2015
).
23.
M.
Zhang
,
G. S.
Wiederhecker
,
S.
Manipatruni
,
A.
Barnard
,
P.
McEuen
, and
M.
Lipson
,
Phys. Rev. Lett.
109
(
23
),
233906
(
2012
).
24.
D.
Van Thourhout
and
J.
Roels
,
Nat. Photonics
4
(
4
),
211
(
2010
).
25.
D.
Ramos
,
J.
Mertens
,
M.
Calleja
, and
J.
Tamayo
,
Appl. Phys. Lett.
92
(
17
),
173108
(
2008
).
26.
X. W.
Zhang
,
H.
Li
,
X.
Tu
,
X. A.
Wu
,
L. Y.
Liu
, and
L.
Xu
,
J. Opt. Soc. Am. B
28
(
3
),
483
(
2011
).
27.
U.
Kemiktarak
,
M.
Durand
,
M.
Metcalfe
, and
J.
Lawall
,
Phys. Rev. Lett.
113
(
3
),
030802
(
2014
).
28.
X.
Zhang
,
L.
Ren
,
X.
Wu
,
H.
Li
,
L.
Liu
, and
L.
Xu
,
Opt. Express
19
(
22
),
22242
(
2011
).
29.
X.
Zhang
,
G.
Zhou
,
P.
Shi
,
H.
Du
,
T.
Lin
,
J.
Teng
, and
F. S.
Chau
,
Opt. Lett.
41
(
6
),
1197
(
2016
).
30.
F.
Tian
,
G.
Zhou
,
Y.
Du
,
F. S.
Chau
,
J.
Deng
,
X.
Tang
, and
R.
Akkipeddi
,
Opt. Express
21
(
15
),
18398
(
2013
).
31.
J.
Zheng
,
Y.
Li
,
M.
Sirin Aras
,
A.
Stein
,
K. L.
Shepard
, and
C.
Wei Wong
,
Appl. Phys. Lett.
100
(
21
),
211908
(
2012
).
32.
A. E.
Siegman
,
Lasers
(
University Science Books
,
1986
).
33.
J. B.
Khurgin
,
M. W.
Pruessner
,
T. H.
Stievater
, and
W. S.
Rabinovich
,
Phys. Rev. Lett.
108
(
22
),
223904
(
2012
).
34.
W. E.
Lamb
,
Phys. Rev.
134
(
6A
),
A1429
(
1964
).
35.
H.
Li
,
L.
Shang
,
X.
Tu
,
L. Y.
Liu
, and
L.
Xu
,
J. Am. Chem. Soc.
131
(
46
),
16612
(
2009
).
36.
M.
Ahmed
and
M.
Yamada
,
IEEE J. Quantum Electron.
38
(
6
),
682
(
2002
).
37.
Z.
Huang
,
K.
Cui
,
G.
Bai
,
X.
Feng
,
F.
Liu
,
W.
Zhang
, and
Y.
Huang
,
Sci. Rep.
6
,
34160
(
2016
).
You do not currently have access to this content.