We report gate-tunable memristive switching in patterned LaAlO3/SrTiO3 interfaces at cryogenic temperatures. The application of voltages in the order of a few volts to the back gate of the device allows controlling and switching on and off the inherent memory functionality (memristance). For large and small gate voltages, a simple non-linear resistance characteristic is observed, while a pinched hysteresis loop and memristive switching occur in an intermediate voltage range. The memristance is further controlled by the density of oxygen vacancies, which is tuned by annealing the sample at 300 °C in a nitrogen atmosphere. Depending on the annealing time, the memristance at zero gate voltage can be switched on and off, leading to normally-on and normally-off memristors. The presented device offers reversible and irreversible control of memristive characteristics by gate voltages and annealing, respectively, which may allow compensating fabrication variabilities of memristors that complicate the realization of large memristor-based neural networks.

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