Superlattice-like GaSb/Sb4Te phase change film was proposed for multilevel phase change memory with the feature of three stable resistance states. Two distinct transition temperatures of around 170 and 230 °C were observed in the superlattice-like GaSb/Sb4Te thin film. Under elevated temperature, the precipitated rhombohedral Sb phase was found in the Sb4Te layer, which was followed by the crystallization of rhombohedral Sb2Te3, whereas the GaSb layer remained almost in the amorphous state except the impinged Sb grains. The formation of percolation path for crystallization in the GaSb layer can account for the multilevel resistance states. For the GaSb/Sb4Te-based device, the reversibly electrical switching was realized under the electrical pulse as short as 10 ns, and the endurance was achieved at least 105 cycles among different resistance states.
Multilevel data storage in multilayer phase change material
Yegang Lu, Miao Wang, Sannian Song, Mengjiao Xia, Yu Jia, Xiang shen, Guoxiang Wang, Shixun Dai, Zhitang Song; Multilevel data storage in multilayer phase change material. Appl. Phys. Lett. 24 October 2016; 109 (17): 173103. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4966182
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