CMOS-compatible fabrication of plasmonic materials and devices will accelerate the development of integrated nanophotonics for information processing applications. Using low-temperature plasma-enhanced atomic layer deposition (PEALD), we develop a recipe for fully CMOS-compatible titanium nitride (TiN) that is plasmonic in the visible and near infrared. Films are grown on silicon, silicon dioxide, and epitaxially on magnesium oxide substrates. By optimizing the plasma exposure per growth cycle during PEALD, carbon and oxygen contamination are reduced, lowering undesirable loss. We use electron beam lithography to pattern TiN nanopillars with varying diameters on silicon in large-area arrays. In the first reported single-particle measurements on plasmonic TiN, we demonstrate size-tunable darkfield scattering spectroscopy in the visible and near infrared regimes. The optical properties of this CMOS-compatible material, combined with its high melting temperature and mechanical durability, comprise a step towards fully CMOS-integrated nanophotonic information processing.
Fully CMOS-compatible titanium nitride nanoantennas
Justin A. Briggs, Gururaj V. Naik, Trevor A. Petach, Brian K. Baum, David Goldhaber-Gordon, Jennifer A. Dionne; Fully CMOS-compatible titanium nitride nanoantennas. Appl. Phys. Lett. 1 February 2016; 108 (5): 051110. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4941413
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