Solid solutions of (1 − x)Ba(Zr0.2Ti0.8)O3-x(Ba0.7Ca0.3)TiO3 promise to exhibit a large electrocaloric effect (ECE), because their Curie temperature and a multiphase coexistence region lie near room temperature. We report on direct measurements of the electrocaloric effect in bulk ceramics 0.65Ba(Zr0.2Ti0.8)O3-0.35(Ba0.7Ca0.3)TiO3 using a modified differential scanning calorimeter. The adiabatic temperature change reaches a value of ΔTEC = 0.33 K at ∼65 °C under an electric field of 20 kV/cm. It remains sizeable in a broad temperature interval above this temperature. Direct measurements of the ECE proved that the temperature change exceeds the indirect estimates derived from Maxwell relations by about ∼50%. The discrepancy is attributed to the relaxor character of this material.
Strong electrocaloric effect in lead-free 0.65Ba(Zr0.2Ti0.8)O3-0.35(Ba0.7Ca0.3)TiO3 ceramics obtained by direct measurements
Mehmet Sanlialp, Vladimir V. Shvartsman, Matias Acosta, Brahim Dkhil, Doru C. Lupascu; Strong electrocaloric effect in lead-free 0.65Ba(Zr0.2Ti0.8)O3-0.35(Ba0.7Ca0.3)TiO3 ceramics obtained by direct measurements. Appl. Phys. Lett. 9 February 2015; 106 (6): 062901. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4907774
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