We demonstrate efficient coupling of excitons in near-surface GaAs quantum dots (QDs) to surface-plasmon polaritons. We observe distinct changes in the photoluminescence of the emitters as the distance between the QDs and the gold interface decreases. Based on an electric point-dipole model, we identify the surface plasmon launching rates for different QD-surface distances. While in conventional far-field experiments only a few percent of the emitted photons can be collected due to the high refractive index semiconductor substrate, already for distances around 30 nm the plasmon launching-rate becomes comparable to the emission rate into bulk photon modes, thus much larger than the photon collection rate. For even smaller distances, the degrading optical properties of the emitter counterweight the increasing coupling efficiency to plasmonic modes.
Narrow-line self-assembled GaAs quantum dots for plasmonics
Hongyi Zhang, Yongheng Huo, Klas Lindfors, Yonghai Chen, Oliver G. Schmidt, Armando Rastelli, Markus Lippitz; Narrow-line self-assembled GaAs quantum dots for plasmonics. Appl. Phys. Lett. 9 March 2015; 106 (10): 101110. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4914387
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